Accéder directement au contenu Accéder directement à la navigation
Article dans une revue

Bones geometric morphometrics illustrate 10th millennium cal. BP domestication of autochthonous Cypriot wild boar (Sus scrofa circeus nov. ssp)

Abstract : Abstract Epipaleolithic hunter-gatherers from the Near East introduced wild boars ( Sus scrofa ) to Cyprus, with the Early Pre-Pottery Neolithic (PPN) settlers hunting the wild descendants of these boars. However, the geographic origin of the Cypriot boar and how they were integrated into the earliest forms of pig husbandry remain unsolved. Here, we present data on 11,000 to 9000 cal. BP Sus scrofa from the PPN sites of Klimonas and Shillourokambos. We compared them to contemporaneous populations from the Near East and to Neolithic and modern populations in Corsica, exploring their origin and evolution using biosystematic signals from molar teeth and heel bones (calcanei), using 2D and 3D geometric morphometrics. We found that the Cypriot PPN lineage of Sus scrofa originates from the Northern Levant. Yet, their phenotypic idiosyncrasy suggest that they evolved into an insular sub-species that we named Sus scrofa circeus, referring to Circe, the metamorphosis goddess that changed Ulysses companions into pigs. The phenotypic homogeneity among PPNA Klimonas wild boars and managed populations of PPNB Shillourokambos suggests that local domestication has been undertaken on the endemic S . s. circeus , strengthening the idea that Cyprus was integrated into the core region of animal domestication.
Liste complète des métadonnées

https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03246314
Contributeur : Anne Bridault Connectez-vous pour contacter le contributeur
Soumis le : vendredi 15 octobre 2021 - 15:29:36
Dernière modification le : samedi 27 novembre 2021 - 03:45:14

Fichier

CUCCHI etal 2021 Bones_geometr...
Publication financée par une institution

Identifiants

Citation

Thomas Cucchi, Auriale Domont, Hugo Harbers, Allowen Evin, Roger Alcàntara, et al.. Bones geometric morphometrics illustrate 10th millennium cal. BP domestication of autochthonous Cypriot wild boar (Sus scrofa circeus nov. ssp). Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2021, 11, ⟨10.1038/s41598-021-90933-w⟩. ⟨hal-03246314⟩

Partager

Métriques

Consultations de la notice

157

Téléchargements de fichiers

120