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DNA molecular combing-based replication fork directionality profiling

Abstract : The replication strategy of metazoan genomes is still unclear, mainly because definitive maps of replication origins are missing. High-throughput methods are based on population average and thus may exclusively identify efficient initiation sites, whereas inefficient origins go undetected. Single-molecule analyses of specific loci can detect both common and rare initiation events along the targeted regions. However, these usually concentrate on positioning individual events, which only gives an overview of the replication dynamics. Here, we computed the replication fork directionality (RFD) profiles of two large genes in different transcriptional states in chicken DT40 cells, namely untranscribed and transcribed DMD and CCSER1 expressed at WT levels or overexpressed, by aggregating hundreds of oriented replication tracks detected on individual DNA fibres stretched by molecular combing. These profiles reconstituted RFD domains composed of zones of initiation flanking a zone of termination originally observed in mammalian genomes and were highly consistent with independent population-averaging profiles generated by Okazaki fragment sequencing. Importantly, we demonstrate that inefficient origins do not appear as detectable RFD shifts, explaining why dispersed initiation has remained invisible to population-based assays. Our method can both generate quantitative profiles and identify discrete events, thereby constituting a comprehensive approach to study metazoan genome replication.
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https://hal.sorbonne-universite.fr/hal-03195930
Contributor : Gestionnaire Hal-Su <>
Submitted on : Monday, April 12, 2021 - 11:48:05 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, May 6, 2021 - 10:51:07 AM

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Marion Blin, Laurent Lacroix, Nataliya Petryk, Yan Jaszczyszyn, Chun-Long Chen, et al.. DNA molecular combing-based replication fork directionality profiling. Nucleic Acids Research, Oxford University Press, 2021, ⟨10.1093/nar/gkab219⟩. ⟨hal-03195930⟩

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