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Charge migration and attosecond solitons in conjugated organic molecules

Abstract : Charge migration (CM) is the electronic response that immediately follows localized ionization or excitation in a molecule, before the nuclei have time to move. It typically unfolds on subfemtosecond time scales and most often corresponds to dynamics far from equilibrium, involving multielectron interactions in a complex chemical environment. While CM has been documented experimentally and theoretically in multiple organic and inorganic compounds, the general mechanism that regulates it remains unsettled. In this work we use tools from nonlinear dynamics to analyze CM that takes place along the backbone of conjugated hydrocarbons, which we simulate using time-dependent density-functional theory. In this electron-density framework we show that CM modes emerge as attosecond solitons and demonstrate the same type of solitary-wave dynamics in both simplified model systems and full three-dimensional molecular simulations. We show that these attosecond-soliton modes result from a balance between dispersion and nonlinear effects tied to time-dependent multielectron interactions. Our soliton-mode mechanism, and the nonlinear tools we use to analyze it, pave the way for understanding migration dynamics in a broad range of organic molecules. For instance, we demonstrate the opportunities for chemically steering CM via molecular functionalization, which can alter both the initially localized electron perturbation and its subsequent time evolution
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02866922
Contributeur : Francois Mauger Connectez-vous pour contacter le contributeur
Soumis le : jeudi 13 janvier 2022 - 14:48:36
Dernière modification le : lundi 31 janvier 2022 - 19:37:33

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Distributed under a Creative Commons Paternité 4.0 International License

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Francois Mauger, Aderonke Folorunso, Kyle Hamer, Cristel Chandre, Mette Gaarde, et al.. Charge migration and attosecond solitons in conjugated organic molecules. Physical Review Research, American Physical Society, 2022, 4 (1), pp.013073. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevResearch.4.013073⟩. ⟨hal-02866922v3⟩

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