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The CoMOR project

The financial crisis of 2008 contributed to re-invigorating research in economic and financial history and revive, despite the relatively brief nature of the crisis, studies of markets over long periods. More recently, attacks against structures which have governed modern international commerce have thrown institutional studies into doubt and provoked questions about the very future of globalized markets.

It is within this context of questions and doubts that the CoMOR project takes up the history of European fairs from the perspective of “market integrations”. Towards the end of the Middle Ages, fairs formed a system resting on a tightly organized schedule (“calendar of fairs”) which permitted merchants to meet in specific places on specific dates, known well in advance. At the same time, these fairs facilitated the interconnection between local and regional markets (rural as much as urban) and the trans-regional commercial networks. During the sixteenth century, a decoupling occurred between merchandise and financial fairs linked to the shift from financing products to pure money markets. The chronological boundaries of the project have as such been chosen in order to best account for these major transformations: from the decline of the old fair systems at Champagne, around 1320, through a cycle dominated by the fairs at Lyon, to the decline of the fairs at Besançon around 1630. The CoMOR project is particularly attached to studying the relational aspects (and their changes) of these merchant gatherings, the roles and the behaviours of the participants. These exchanges will be mapped for the first time in their spatial and temporal dimensions through an integrated database and GIS tracing the merchants through their fairs, items, itineraries, and rhythms. This fundamental digital axis of the project will be brought to life by the French team with respect to Digital Humanities and the German team for Spatial Humanities. The investigation centers on France, Germany, and Italy, the specialties of the core consortium researchers, with, we hope and expect, expansions towards other economic and cultural regions near the end of the project.

The Franco-German team in charge of CoMOR brings a number of specific ad-vantages to the project. Most importantly, a complementary specialization in different eras: French medievalists and early modernist Germans. This is followed by the shared closed focus on the project's main terrain, Southern Germany to Lyon, with both teams also counting among their members specialists in Northern Italy. Finally, while each team brings with it certain academic dispositions – in France, the strong emphasis on social history and sociology of economy, in Germany, a tradition of Handelsgeschichte, the history of finance and exchange – they share an ambition to contribute to the history of the European economy, rooted in the study of the integrating effects of fairs on economic and social patterns over the longue durée.

Why this HAL collection ?

  • To report all publications and products resulting from the project
  • To provide access to the full text of publications in accordance with the expectations of funders in an Open Science perspective


# February 3, 2023: 9:00 am - 7:00 pm 9:00 am - 9:15 am: Welcome ## Religion, ethics and trade 9h15 - 10h15 : Religion, trust and social institutions in premodern long-distance trade - Ulrich PFISTER 10h15 - 11h15 : Uomini d'affari vicentini alle fiere di Lione, Anversa, Francoforte e Lipsia nel Cinquecento - Edoardo DEMO 11h45 - 12h30 : Medieval accounting : ethics, religion and economic and economic rationality - Clément LENOBLE 12h30 - 13h15 : Relics, objects of fairs? The case of the fair of the Shroud at Besançon (c. 1523-1560) - Nicolas SARZEAUD ## Goods at fairs 14h45 - 15h30 : Spätmittelalterliche Warenströme in qualitativen und seriellen Quellengruppen - Michael ROTHMANN 15h30 - 16h15 : What kind of commodities merchant bankers traded with? The Salviati at the Lyon fairs (16th ct.) - Heinrich LANG 16h45 - 17h30 : Estimating trade volumes at the Leipzig fairs in early 17th ct. using the Görlitz customs register - Ulf Christian EWERT ## Database - Organization of the project 17h30 - 18h15 : Fairs in History: the CoMOR database opens to the public - Jean-Paul REHR 18h15 - 19h00 : Organization of the final workshop in Turin # February 4, 2023: 9:00 am - 11:30 am ## The CoMOR exhibition 9:00 am - 9:45 am : Presentation of the travelling exhibition " Fairs, cities and merchants (1350-1600) - Jean-Louis GAULIN / Noémie LACROIX / Martin ROČEK 10:00 am - 11:30 am: Guided tour of the Stadtgeschichtliches Museum Leipzig

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July 1st : 10:00-10:15 Welcome and introduction - Jean-Louis GAULIN and Susanne RAU 10:15-11:00 Discussion about synopsis - Noémie LACROIX 11:00-11:15 Mock-up of the CoMOR-Exhibition application Anaïs JAMES 11:15-12:00 Other items (next workshop, final colloquium, publications) July 2nd : 10:00-10:45 Collections and sources: situation and perspectives - Jean-Louis GAULIN and Noémie LACROIX 10:45-11:00 The entry of the Nördlinger Messestandsregister into the CoMOR database: first experiences, problems, and future prospects - Ulf Christian EWERT 11: 11:00-11:15 CoMOR and the Vatican Apostolic Archives: new research on the 15th century - rmand JAMME 11:15-11:30 Commentary on proposed changes to the database - Leif SCHEUERMANN 11:30-12:00 Discussion

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9:00-9:15 Welcome and introduction 9:15-10:15 International fairs as money, credit, and exchange markets, 12th to 16th centuries – Markus A. DENZEL 10:15-11:00A ‘revolutionary’ international payment system (16th-17th centuries): The European exchange fairs and their ‘ghost money’. Some ideas for the next future? – Claudio MARSILIO | [Break] 11:30-12:15 Lombards and fairs: intersection between credit and trade (13th-15th centuries) – Ezio Claudio PIA 12:15-13:00 The precursors of clearing houses – business techniques of Provençal and Occitan merchants at the Champagne fairs 13th-14th centuries) – Stephan NICOLUSSI-KÖHLER | [Break] 14:00-14:45 Popes, fairs and merchants (13th-14th centuries) – Armand JAMME 14:45-15:30 Premiers résultats d’une enquête en cours sur les affaires des Pazzi à Avignon aux XIVe-XVe siècles – Clément LENOBLE | [Break] 16:00-18:00 | Developments of the database Fairs and merchant networks: new data and features of the CoMOR database – Marta GRAVELA The ‘Messestandsregister’ of Nördlingen: how to handle the data? – Ulf Christian EWERT The CoMOR database: further requirements and preparation for public access (mid-2022) – Jean-Paul REHR | [Break] 18:15-19:00 Preparation of the travelling project exhibition | Project organisation | Organisation of the 5th CoMOR workshop

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Erfurt : S. Rau -

Ciham : JL. Gaulin -