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Journal Articles Science of the Total Environment Year : 2023

Microplastics in sediments from urban and suburban rivers: Influence of sediment properties

Abstract

Although sediments are considered to be a major sink for microplastics (MP), there is still a relative lack of knowledge on the factors that influence the occurrence and abundance of MP in riverine sediments. The present study investigated the occurrence and distribution of MP in riverine sediments collected at twelve sites representative of different populated and urbanized rivers (To Lich, Nhue and Day Rivers) located in the Red River Delta (RRD, Vi-etnam, during dry and rainy seasons. MP concentrations ranged from 1,600 items kg-1 dw to 94,300 items kg-1dw. Fiber shape dominated and MP were made of polypropylene (PP) and polyethylene (PE) predominantly. An absence of seasonal effect was observed for both frag-ments and fibers for each rivers. Decreasing MP concentrations trend was evidenced from the To Lich River, to the Nhue River and to the Day River, coupled with a decreasing fiber length and an increasing fragment area in the surface sediment from upstream to downstream. Content of organic matter was correlated to MP concentrations suggesting that, high levels of organic matter could be MP hotspots in urban rivers. Also, high population density as well as in highly residential areas are related to higher MP concentrations in sedi-ments. Finally, a MP high ecological risk (RI: 866 to 4711) was calculated in the RDD.
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Dates and versions

hal-04185063 , version 1 (22-08-2023)

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Thi Thuy Duong, Duong Nguyen-Thuy, Ngoc Nam Phuong, Ha My Ngo, Thi Oanh Doan, et al.. Microplastics in sediments from urban and suburban rivers: Influence of sediment properties. Science of the Total Environment, 2023, 904, pp.166330. ⟨10.1016/j.scitotenv.2023.166330⟩. ⟨hal-04185063⟩
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