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Effect of a low water concentration in chloride, sodium and potassium on oocyte maturation, oocyte hydration, ovulation and egg quality in rainbow trout

Abstract : Water salinity is an important environmental factor known to have detrimental effects on salmonid reproduction, mostly when migrating female broodfish are held in sea water. In contrast, data obtained in freshwater are scarce and the impact of low water salinity, and more specifically of low water concentrations in sodium, chloride and potassium, during reproduction in freshwater is currently unknown. For this reason, and because ion and water fluxes are critical for the final steps of the female gamete formation, including oocyte hydration and ovulation, the aim of the present study was to investigate the impact of low salinity water on final oocyte maturation, ovulation and, ultimately, on egg quality, using rainbow trout as a physiological model and relevant aquaculture species. Fish from the same commercial strain were raised either in a site characterized by low concentrations of Na+, K+, and Cl- ions in the water or in a closely located control site exhibiting higher concentration in these elements. Egg quality and duration of final oocyte maturation were investigated using innovative phenotyping tools such as automatic assessment of egg viability using the VisEgg system and non-invasive echograph-based monitoring of final oocyte maturation duration, respectively. Oocyte hydration during final oocyte maturation and after ovulation was also investigated. Finally, molecular phenotyping was performed using real-time PCR-based monitoring of several key players of final oocyte maturation and ovulation associated with ion and water transport, inflammation, proteolytic activity, and coagulation. Oocyte hydration and gene expression data were analyzed in the light of the duration of final oocyte maturation. Here we show that low water salinity (i.e., low water concentration in chloride, sodium and potassium) negatively influences final oocyte maturation, ovulation and, ultimately, egg quality. Low water salinity triggered delayed ovulation and lower oocyte viability. When investigating the impact of low water salinity on final oocyte maturation duration, individuals presenting the most severe phenotypes exhibited impaired oocyte hydration and abnormally reduced gene expression levels of several key players of the ovulatory process. While the under expression of water (i.e., aquaporins) and ion (i.e., solute carriers) transporters is consistent with impaired oocyte hydration, our observations also indicate that the overall ovulatory gene expression program is disrupted. Our results raise the question of the mechanisms underlying the negative influence of low salinity water on the dynamics of the preovulatory phase, on the control of the oocyte homeostasis, including hydration, and on the overall success of the maturation-ovulation process.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03326018
Contributor : Julien Bobe Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, September 7, 2021 - 9:51:24 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 8, 2021 - 3:34:50 AM

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Emilien Segret, Emilie Cardona, Sandrine Skiba-Cassy, Frédéric Cachelou, Julien Bobe. Effect of a low water concentration in chloride, sodium and potassium on oocyte maturation, oocyte hydration, ovulation and egg quality in rainbow trout. Aquaculture, Elsevier, 2021, pp.737374. ⟨10.1016/j.aquaculture.2021.737374⟩. ⟨hal-03326018⟩

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