The enzyme-like catalytic activity of cerium oxide nanoparticles and its dependency on Ce 3+ surface area concentration - Unité de pharmacologie chimique et génétique et d'imagerie Access content directly
Journal Articles Nanoscale Year : 2018

The enzyme-like catalytic activity of cerium oxide nanoparticles and its dependency on Ce 3+ surface area concentration

Abstract

Cerium oxide nanoparticles are known to catalyze the decomposition of reactive oxygen species such as superoxide radical and hydrogen peroxide. Herein, we examine the superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) mimetic catalytic activities of nanoceria and demonstrate the existence of generic behaviors. For particles of size 4.5, 7.8, 23 and 28 nm, the SOD and CAT catalytic activities exhibit the characteristic shape of a Langmuir isotherm as a function of cerium concentration. Results show that the catalytic effects are enhanced for smaller particles and for the particles with the largest Ce 3+ fraction. The SOD-like activity obtained from the different samples is found to superimpose on a single master curve using the Ce 3+ surface area concentration as a new variable, indicating the existence of particle independent redox mechanisms. For the CAT assays the adsorption of H 2 O 2 molecules at the particle surface modulates the efficacy of the decomposition process and must be taken into account. We design an amperometry-based experiment to evaluate the H 2 O 2 adsorption at nanoceria surfaces, leading to the renormalization of the particle specific area. Depending on the particle type the amount of adsorbed H 2 O 2 molecules varies from 2 to 20 nm-2. The proposed scalings are predictive and allow determining SOD and CAT catalytic properties of cerium oxide solely from physico-chemical features.
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Dates and versions

hal-02342481 , version 1 (31-10-2019)

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V. Baldim, F. Bedioui, Nathalie Mignet, I. Margaill, Jean-Francois Berret. The enzyme-like catalytic activity of cerium oxide nanoparticles and its dependency on Ce 3+ surface area concentration. Nanoscale, 2018, 10 (15), pp.6971-6980. ⟨10.1039/C8NR00325D⟩. ⟨hal-02342481⟩
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