Lipothioureas as Lipids for Gene Transfection: A Review - Unité de pharmacologie chimique et génétique et d'imagerie Access content directly
Journal Articles Pharmaceuticals Year : 2011

Lipothioureas as Lipids for Gene Transfection: A Review

Abstract

Non-viral gene therapy requires innovative strategies to achieve higher transfection efficacy. A few years ago, our group proposed bioinspired lipids whose interaction with DNA was not based on ionic interactions, but on hydrogen bonds. We thus developed lipids bearing a thiourea head which allowed an interaction with DNA phosphates through hydrogen bonds. After a proof of concept with a lipid bearing three thiourea functions, a molecular and cellular screening was performed by varying all parts of the lipids: the hydrophobic anchor, the spacer, the linker, and the thiourea head. Two lipothiourea-based structures were identified as highly efficient in vitro transfecting agents. The lipothioureas were shown to reduce non specific interactions with cell membranes and deliver their DNA content intracellularly more efficiently, as compared to cationic lipoplexes. These lipids could deliver siRNA efficiently and allowed specific cell targeting in vitro. In vivo, thiourea lipoplexes presented a longer retention time in the blood and less accumulation in the lungs after an intravenous injection in mice. They also induced luciferase gene expression in muscle and tumor after local administration in mice. Therefore, these novel lipoplexes represent an excellent alternative to cationic lipoplexes as transfecting agents. In this review we will focus on the structure activity studies that permitted the identification of the two most efficient thiourea lipids.
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Dates and versions

hal-02512516 , version 1 (19-03-2020)

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Marie Breton, Jeanne Leblond, Isabelle Tranchant, Daniel Scherman, Michel Bessodes, et al.. Lipothioureas as Lipids for Gene Transfection: A Review. Pharmaceuticals, 2011, 4 (10), pp.1381-1399. ⟨10.3390/ph4101381⟩. ⟨hal-02512516⟩
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