Soil-plant potassium transfer: impact of plant activity on clay minerals as seen from X-ray diffraction

Abstract : Potassium (K) availability influences many processes in cultivated and natural ecosystems. Several studies suggest that "non-exchangeable" K+ ions fixed in 2:1 clay mineral interlayers contribute to plant nutrition. Although depletion of these K+ ions could be observed by X-ray diffractometry, this technique has never been considered for the observation of short-term changes in illitic 2:1 clay minerals. We established in this study that new treatments of X-ray diffraction patterns allow quantification of short-term 2:1 clay mineral changes through K addition in solution and removal of interlayer K by Lolium multiflorum. Moreover, we obtained a significant relationship (r(2) = 0.95, P < 0.0001) between an indicator calculated from X-ray diffraction patterns and analyzed clay K content. X-ray diffraction should therefore be considered as an appropriate tool to follow qualitatively and quantitatively clay mineral modifications induced by soil K balance. Our results suggest that 2:1 clay minerals behave as a huge, renewable K reservoir whose theoretical capacity in fertile soils could exceed 3 t/ha. Beyond obvious agronomical implications, this new vision of soil K cycle raises ecological questions about plant inter specific competition and soil fertility. Finally, our study clearly shows that soil 2:1 clay minerals could react as quickly as a biological system.
Type de document :
Article dans une revue
Plant and Soil, Springer Verlag, 2007, pp.137-146
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https://hal-bioemco.ccsd.cnrs.fr/bioemco-00160016
Contributeur : Luc Abbadie <>
Soumis le : mercredi 4 juillet 2007 - 16:54:42
Dernière modification le : jeudi 11 janvier 2018 - 06:21:30

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  • HAL Id : bioemco-00160016, version 1

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Pierre Barre, Nicole Catel, Bruce Velde, Luc Abbadie. Soil-plant potassium transfer: impact of plant activity on clay minerals as seen from X-ray diffraction. Plant and Soil, Springer Verlag, 2007, pp.137-146. 〈bioemco-00160016〉

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