Hydrolysable carbohydrate in tropical soils under adjacent forest and savanna vegetation in Lamto, Cote d'Ivoire

Abstract : Carbohydrates represent 5-25% of the organic matter in soils. They constrain microbial activities and mineral nutrient production in soil and also reflect the whole microorganism community dynamic. The objective of this study was to determine the contents and composition of hydrolysable carbohydrates in soils collected in a forest-savanna mosaic landscape in the region of Lamto (Cote d'Ivoire). Capillary gas chromatography was used to identify and determine carbohydrates in soil pro. le under 4 tropical ecosystems: gallery and plateau forests, and grass and shrub tree savannas. Forest soils were higher in organic matter than savanna soils (0.50-2.96% C v. 0.53-1.22% C). The carbohydrate-C content of soils, expressed as percentage of total soil organic C, was low, a likely consequence of the tropical climate that promotes a rapid decomposition of surface plant debris. The carbohydrate-C content was higher under savanna soils (5-7%) than under forest soils (3-4%). Glucose, ribose, mannose, xylose, and galactose were the 5 most abundant extractable monosaccharides in all soils. Between them, only xylose and ribose are controlled by the vegetation type. The [(galactose+mannose) : (arabinose+xylose)] and [mannose : xylose] ratios suggested that most soil sugars derive from microbial biomass. The large abundance of microbial carbohydrates indicates intense microbial activities in the soil, and then rapid decomposition of soil organic matter favoured by the long wet season, with high temperatures and soil water availability at the site study. Results suggest clearly that the climate likely controls the amount and composition of carbohydrates in Lamto soils.
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Article dans une revue
Australian Journal of Soil Research, CSIRO Publishing, 2005, pp.705-711
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https://hal-bioemco.ccsd.cnrs.fr/bioemco-00166662
Contributeur : Luc Abbadie <>
Soumis le : mercredi 8 août 2007 - 12:23:31
Dernière modification le : mardi 24 avril 2018 - 17:20:12

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  • HAL Id : bioemco-00166662, version 1

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Hb Nacro, Mc Larre-Larrouy, C. Feller, Luc Abbadie. Hydrolysable carbohydrate in tropical soils under adjacent forest and savanna vegetation in Lamto, Cote d'Ivoire. Australian Journal of Soil Research, CSIRO Publishing, 2005, pp.705-711. 〈bioemco-00166662〉

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