Partitioning net ecosystem carbon exchange into net assimilation and respiration using (CO2)-C-13 measurements: A cost-effective sampling strategy

Abstract : The current emphasis on global climate studies has led the scientific community to set up a number of sites for measuring the long-term biosphere-atmosphere net CO2 exchange ( net ecosystem exchange, NEE). Partitioning this flux into its elementary components, net assimilation (F-A), and respiration ( F-R), remains necessary in order to get a better understanding of biosphere functioning and design better surface exchange models. Noting that F-R and F-A have different isotopic signatures, we evaluate the potential of isotopic (CO2)-C-13 measurements in the air ( combined with CO2 flux and concentration measurements) to partition NEE into F-R and F-A on a routine basis. The study is conducted at a temperate coniferous forest where intensive isotopic measurements in air, soil, and biomass were performed in summer 1997. The multilayer soil-vegetation-atmosphere transfer model MuSICA is adapted to compute (CO2)-C-13 flux and concentration profiles. Using MuSICA as a "perfect'' simulator and taking advantage of the very dense spatiotemporal resolution of the isotopic data set ( 341 flasks over a 24-hour period) enable us to test each hypothesis and estimate the performance of the method. The partitioning works better in midafternoon when isotopic disequilibrium is strong. With only 15 flasks, i.e., two (CO2)-C-13 nighttime profiles (to estimate the isotopic signature of F-R) and five daytime measurements ( to perform the partitioning) we get mean daily estimates of F-R and F-A that agree with the model within 15 - 20%. However, knowledge of the mesophyll conductance seems crucial and may be a limitation to the method.
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Article dans une revue
Global Biogeochemical Cycles, American Geophysical Union, 2004, pp.1070
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https://hal-bioemco.ccsd.cnrs.fr/bioemco-00175986
Contributeur : Philippe Peylin <>
Soumis le : lundi 1 octobre 2007 - 22:56:26
Dernière modification le : mardi 24 avril 2018 - 17:20:12

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  • HAL Id : bioemco-00175986, version 1

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Philippe Peylin, Jerome Ogee, Philippe Peylin, P. Ciais, T. Bariac, et al.. Partitioning net ecosystem carbon exchange into net assimilation and respiration using (CO2)-C-13 measurements: A cost-effective sampling strategy. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, American Geophysical Union, 2004, pp.1070. 〈bioemco-00175986〉

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