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Nutrient effects on the genetic and functional diversity of aquatic bacterial communities

Abstract : Studies on the effects of biodiversity on ecosystem functioning have generally revealed a positive asymptotic relationship between biodiversity and single functions, suggesting species redundancy with respect to these functions. Yet, most research was performed on specific processes and did not consider ecosystem ‘multifunctionality'. There is also little information on the relationship between genetic and functional diversity. To analyze this relationship, we performed a microcosm experiment on a complex lake assemblage of decomposers, in the presence of the green alga Scenedesmus obliquus, which acted as carbon source for decomposers. By manipulating nutrient enrichment and the N: P input ratio, we observed that the structures of particle-associated and free bacterial assemblages were highly predictable in response to stoichiometric constraints. For a given treatment, the taxonomic compositions of free and particle-associated bacterial communities appeared close to each other only when phosphorus was not depleted. A coinertia analysis revealed a clear coupling between the genetic diversity of the microbial community, assessed using PCR-denatured gradient gel electrophoresis, and its potential functional diversity, studied with Biolog Ecoplates. This suggests that an ecologically relevant fraction of bacterial communities is characterized by lower level of redundancy than frequently thought, highlighting the necessity of exploring further the role of biodiversity in multifunctionality within ecosystems.
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Contributor : Gérard Lacroix Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Sunday, September 14, 2008 - 7:44:15 AM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 2:38:10 PM

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Joséphine Leflaive, Michaël Danger, Gérard Lacroix, Emilie Lyautey, Catherine Oumarou, et al.. Nutrient effects on the genetic and functional diversity of aquatic bacterial communities. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, Wiley-Blackwell, 2008, 66 (2), ⟨10.1111/j.1574-6941.2008.00593.x⟩. ⟨bioemco-00321407⟩



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