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Inhibition of Metarhizium anisopliae in the alimentary tract of the eastern subterranean termite Reticulitermes flavipes

Abstract : Reticulitermes flavipes workers were individually inoculated with 10,000 conidia of the entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae. After being kept in groups of 20 individuals for 1–6 d, histopathological approach showed that most of the inoculated conidia were groomed from the surface of the cuticle by nestmates within 24 h, and that a large number of conidia was subsequently found in different parts of the gut of the groomers. Our observations showed that, among thousands of conidia found in the termite's gut, conidial germination never occurred in all inspected specimens, even when the conidia had the chance to bind to the surface of the cuticular lining of the gut. In addition, when termites were left for decomposition several days after death caused by an external infection of M. anisopliae, the hyphal growth was generalized in the body cavity of the cadaver, but was never observed in the lumen of the gut even 2 d post-mortem. Our observation suggests that the putative biochemicals involved in the termite's gut defense against fungal pathogens are from multiple origins.
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https://hal-bioemco.ccsd.cnrs.fr/bioemco-00444561
Contributor : Alain Robert <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, January 6, 2010 - 6:31:45 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, May 30, 2020 - 11:48:54 AM

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  • HAL Id : bioemco-00444561, version 1
  • PRODINRA : 248649

Citation

Thomas Chouvenc, Nan-Yao Su, Alain Robert. Inhibition of Metarhizium anisopliae in the alimentary tract of the eastern subterranean termite Reticulitermes flavipes. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, Elsevier, 2009, 101, pp.130-136. ⟨bioemco-00444561⟩

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