Viral Distribution and Life Strategies in the Bach Dang Estuary, Vietnam

Abstract : Although the structure and dynamics of planktonic viruses in freshwater and seawater environments are relatively well documented, little is known about the occurrence and activity of these viruses in estuaries, especially in the tropics. Viral abundance, life strategies, and morphotype distribution were examined in the Bach Dang Estuary (Vietnam) during the dry season in 2009. The abundance of both viruses and their prokaryotic hosts decreased significantly from upstream to downstream, probably as the result of nutrient dilution and osmotic stress faced by the freshwater communities. The antibiotic mitomycin-C revealed that the fraction of lysogenic cells was substantially higher in the lower seawater part of the estuary (max 27.1%) than in the upper freshwater area where no inducible lysogens were observed. The question of whether there is a massive, continuous induction of marine lysogens caused by the mixing with freshwater is considered. Conversely, the production of lytic viruses declined as salinity increased, indicating a spatial succession of viral life strategies in this tropical estuary. Icosahedral tailless viruses with capsids smaller than 60 nm dominated the viral assemblage throughout the estuary (63.0% to 72.1% of the total viral counts), and their distribution was positively correlated with that of viral lytic production. Interestingly, the gamma-proteobacteria explained a significant portion of the variance in the <60 nm and 60 to 90 nm tailless viruses (92% and 80%, respectively), and in the Myoviridae (73%). Also, 60% of the variance of the tailless larger viruses (>90 nm) was explained by the beta-proteobacteria. Overall, these results support the view that the environment, through selection mechanisms, probably shapes the structure of the prokaryotic community. This might be in turn a source of selection for the virioplankton community via specific affiliation favoring particular morphotypes and life strategies.
Type de document :
Article dans une revue
Microbial Ecology, Springer Verlag, 2011, 62, pp.143-154. 〈10.1007/s00248-011-9835-6〉
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Soumis le : mardi 25 octobre 2011 - 07:49:26
Dernière modification le : jeudi 11 janvier 2018 - 06:21:30




Yvan Bettarel, Thierry Bouvier, Martin Agis, Corinne Bouvier, Thuoc Van Chu, et al.. Viral Distribution and Life Strategies in the Bach Dang Estuary, Vietnam. Microbial Ecology, Springer Verlag, 2011, 62, pp.143-154. 〈10.1007/s00248-011-9835-6〉. 〈bioemco-00635300〉



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