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Revisions to the Classification, Nomenclature, and Diversity of Eukaryotes

Sina Adl 1 David Bass 2 Christopher Lane 3 Julius Lukeš 4 Conrad Schoch 5 Alexey Smirnov 6 Sabine Agatha 7 Cédric Berney 8 Matthew Brown 9 Fabien Burki 10 Paco Cárdenas 11 Ivan Čepička 12 Ludmila Chistyakova 6 Javier del Campo 13 Micah Dunthorn 14 Bente Edvardsen 15 Yana Eglit 16 Laure Guillou 17 Vladimír Hampl 16 Aaron Heiss 18 Mona Hoppenrath 19 Timothy James 20 Sergey Karpov 6 Eunsoo Kim 21 Martin Kolisko 22 Alexander Kudryavtsev 6 Daniel Lahr 23 Enrique Lara 24 Line Le Gall 25 Denis Lynn 26 David Mann 27 Ramon Massana I Molera 28 Edward Mitchell 24 Christine Morrow 29 Jong Soo Park 30 Jan Pawlowski 31 Martha Powell 32 Daniel Richter 28 Sonja Rueckert 33 Lora Shadwick 34 Satoshi Shimano 35 Frederick Spiegel 34 Guifré Torruella I Cortes 36 Noha Youssef 37 Vasily Zlatogursky 6 Qianqian Zhang 38
8 EPEP - Evolution des Protistes et Ecosystèmes Pélagiques
AD2M - Adaptation et diversité en milieu marin
Abstract : This revision of the classification of eukaryotes follows that of Adl et al., 2012 [J. Euk. Microbiol. 59(5)] and retains an emphasis on protists. Changes since have improved the resolution of many nodes in phylogenetic analyses. For some clades even families are being clearly resolved. As we had predicted, environmental sampling in the intervening years has massively increased the genetic information at hand. Consequently, we have discovered novel clades, exciting new genera and uncovered a massive species level diversity beyond the morphological species descriptions. Several clades known from environmental samples only have now found their home. Sampling soils, deeper marine waters and the deep sea will continue to fill us with surprises. The main changes in this revision are the confirmation that eukaryotes form at least two domains, the loss of monophyly in the Excavata, robust support for the Haptista and Cryptista. We provide suggested primer sets for DNA sequences from environmental samples that are effective for each clade. We have provided a guide to trophic functional guilds in an appendix, to facilitate the interpretation of environmental samples, and a standardized taxonomic guide for East Asian users.
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Sina Adl, David Bass, Christopher Lane, Julius Lukeš, Conrad Schoch, et al.. Revisions to the Classification, Nomenclature, and Diversity of Eukaryotes. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology, Wiley, 2019, 66, pp.4-119. ⟨10.1111/jeu.12691⟩. ⟨hal-02167105⟩

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