Isocitrate dehydrogenase wt and IDHmut adult-type diffuse gliomas display distinct alterations in ribosome biogenesis and 2’O-methylation of ribosomal RNA - CRCL- Plateforme de bioinformatique « Gilles Thomas » Access content directly
Journal Articles Neuro-Oncology Year : 2023

Isocitrate dehydrogenase wt and IDHmut adult-type diffuse gliomas display distinct alterations in ribosome biogenesis and 2’O-methylation of ribosomal RNA

Mathieu Gabut
Virginie Marcel

Abstract

Background High-grade adult-type diffuse gliomas (HGGs) constitute a heterogeneous group of aggressive tumors that are mostly incurable. Recent advances highlighting the contribution of ribosomes to cancer development have offered new clinical perspectives. Here, we uncovered that isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH)wt and IDHmut HGGs display distinct alterations of ribosome biology, in terms of rRNA epitranscriptomics and ribosome biogenesis, which could constitute novel hallmarks that can be exploited for the management of these pathologies. Methods We analyzed (1) the ribosomal RNA 2’O-ribose methylation (rRNA 2’Ome) using RiboMethSeq and in-house developed bioinformatics tools (https://github.com/RibosomeCRCL/ribomethseq-nf and rRMSAnalyzer) on 3 independent cohorts compiling 71 HGGs (IDHwt n = 30, IDHmut n = 41) and 9 non-neoplastic samples, (2) the expression of ribosome biogenesis factors using medium throughput RT-qPCR as a readout of ribosome biogenesis, and (3) the sensitivity of 5 HGG cell lines to RNA Pol I inhibitors (CX5461, BMH-21). Results Unsupervised analysis demonstrated that HGGs could be distinguished based on their rRNA 2’Ome epitranscriptomic profile, with IDHwt glioblastomas displaying the most significant alterations of rRNA 2’Ome at specific sites. In contrast, IDHmut HGGs are largely characterized by an overexpression of ribosome biogenesis factors compared to non-neoplastic tissues or IDHwt glioblastomas. Finally, IDHmut HGG-derived spheroids display higher cytotoxicity to CX5461 than IDHwt glioblastoma, while all HGG spheroids display a similar cytotoxicity to BMH-21. Conclusions In HGGs, IDH mutational status is associated with specific alterations of the ribosome biology and with distinct sensitivities to RNA Pol I inhibitors.
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hal-04203242 , version 1 (12-10-2023)

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Hermes Paraqindes, Nour-El-Houda Mourksi, Samantha Ballesta, Jordan Hedjam, Fleur Bourdelais, et al.. Isocitrate dehydrogenase wt and IDHmut adult-type diffuse gliomas display distinct alterations in ribosome biogenesis and 2’O-methylation of ribosomal RNA. Neuro-Oncology, 2023, ⟨10.1093/neuonc/noad140⟩. ⟨hal-04203242⟩
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