Optimizing the physical properties of collagen/hyaluronan hydrogels by inhibition of polyionic complexes formation at pH close to the collagen isoelectric point - Matériaux et Biolologie Access content directly
Journal Articles Soft Matter Year : 2023

Optimizing the physical properties of collagen/hyaluronan hydrogels by inhibition of polyionic complexes formation at pH close to the collagen isoelectric point

Abstract

Collagen/hyaluronan hydrogels with physical properties well suited for biomedical applications are challenging to synthesize due to the formation of polyionic complexes (PICs). A systematic physicochemical study was thus performed to determine novel conditions to inhibit the formation of collagen/hyaluronan PICs and obtain composite hydrogels with high physical properties. Using a range of pH from 1 to 5.5 and the addition of NaCl, type I collagen and tyramine-substituted hyaluronic acid (THA) solutions were mixed and analyzed by cryoscanning electron microscopy and ATR-FTIR. PIC formation was inhibited at pH 1 without salt and at pH 2.5 and 5.5 in the presence of 400 mM NaCl. Interestingly, collagen fibrils were observed in solution at pH 5.5 before mixing with THA. After collagen gelling by pH increase, a homogeneous hydrogel consisting of collagen fibrils was only observed when PICs were inhibited. Then, the THA gelling performed by photo-crosslinking increased the rheological properties by four when hydrogels were formed with collagen/THA mixtures at pH 1 or 5.5 with salt. Taken together, these results show that a pH of 5.5, close to the collagen isoelectric point, enables the formation of collagen fibrils in solution, inhibits the PICs formation, and allows the formation of homogenous collagen/THA composite hydrogels compatible with cell survival.
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Dates and versions

hal-04299962 , version 1 (22-11-2023)

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Stéphanie de Oliveira, Gregor Miklosic, Joëlle Veziers, Sébastien Grastilleur, Thibaud Coradin, et al.. Optimizing the physical properties of collagen/hyaluronan hydrogels by inhibition of polyionic complexes formation at pH close to the collagen isoelectric point. Soft Matter, In press, 19 (46), pp.9027-9035. ⟨10.1039/d3sm01330h⟩. ⟨hal-04299962⟩
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