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Genetic and demographic trends from rear to leading edge are explained by climate and forest cover in a cold adapted ectotherm

Abstract : Aim: Determining whether altitudinal shifts in species distributions leave molecular footprints on wild populations along their range margins from rear to leading edge. Location: South-west France. Methods: We compared the demographic and genetic variation in 42 wild populations of the Western oviparous subclade B2 of a cold adapted lizard (Zootoca vivipara louislantzi). These populations can be divided into four ecological units across altitudinal clines in South-west France (rear edge: <100 m, admixture zone: 100-500 m, continuous range: 500-1300 m and leading edge: >1300 m above sea level). Results: Within the rear edge were found the highest levels of inbreeding, genetic differentiation and evidence of interrupted gene flow compared to central or colonising areas. Within the leading edge, altitudinal range expansion occurred over the last centuries and populations showed relatively low genetic diversity. These demographic and genetic trends were better explained by inhospitable (warm and dry) climate conditions and forest cover. Main conclusions: This empirical evidence illustrates that molecular footprints of climate conditions and habitat quality on wild population trends can be perceived after recent events, which should be of particular importance to accurately understand and anticipate human-induced global change on wild species and ecosystems.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03009458
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Submitted on : Tuesday, November 17, 2020 - 1:42:39 PM
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Andréaz Dupoué, Audrey Trochet, Murielle Richard, Mahaut Victoire Sorlin, Michael Guillon, et al.. Genetic and demographic trends from rear to leading edge are explained by climate and forest cover in a cold adapted ectotherm. Diversity and Distributions, Wiley, In press, ⟨10.1111/ddi.13202⟩. ⟨hal-03009458⟩

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